CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | CAT Permutation and Combination Questions

CAT Questions | Permutation Probability | Counting Whole Numbers

The question is from Permutation and Combination. It is about counting whole numbers. We need to find out the ordered triplets given the sum of three whole numbers. This section hosts a number of questions which are on par with CAT questions in difficulty on CAT Permutation and Combination, and CAT Probability.

Question 2: Sum of three Whole numbers a, b and c is 10. How many ordered triplets (a, b, c) exist?

  1. 66
  2. 78
  3. 72
  4. 56

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from Permutation and Combination: Wonderful category of questions. Frightfully simple if constructed the correct way. A question in a similar vein to the previous one, with a small twist. What is the difference between a natural number and a whole number?

a + b + c = 10. a, b, c are whole numbers. Now this is similar to the previous question that we solved by placing 10 sticks and simplifying.

We cannot follow an exactly similar approach, as in this case a, b and c can be zero. Let us modify the approach a little bit. Let us see if we can remove the constraint that a, b, c can be zero.

If we give a minimum of 1 to a, b, c then the original approach can be used. And then we can finally remove 1 from each of a, b, c. So, let us distribute 13 sticks across a, b and c and finally remove one from each.
a + b + c = 13. Now, let us place ten sticks in a row

|       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |
This question now becomes the equivalent of placing two '+' symbols somewhere between these sticks. For instance,
|       |       |       |  +  |       |       |       |       |  +  |       |       |       |,

This would be the equivalent of 4 + 5 + 4. or, a = 4, b = 5, c = 4.
There are 12 slots between the sticks, out of which one has to select 2 for placing the '+'s.
The number of ways of doing this is 12C2.

The question is "Sum of three Whole numbers a, b and c is 10. How many ordered triplets (a, b, c) exist?"

Hence the answer is "66"

Choice A is the correct answer.


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