CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | CAT Number Systems - Remainders

CAT Questions | Number Theory | Remainders and LCM CAT Questions

The question is from CAT Number Theory - Remainders. It discusses about remainders and LCM. If a number is of the form 3n + 2 and 4n + 3, then it can be written as 12K + r. What is r?

Question 8: How many positive integers are there from 0 to 1000 that leave a remainder of 3 on division by 7 and a remainder of 2 on division by 4?

1. 32
2. 36
3. 24
4. 19

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Method of solving this CAT Question from Number Theory - Remainders:

Number should be of the form 7n + 3 and 4m + 2.
The LCM of 7 and 4 is 28. So, let us see what are the possible remainders when we divide this number by 28.

A number of the form 7n + 3 can be written as 28K + 3 or 28k + 10 or 28 + 17 or 28k + 24.
A number of the form 4m + 2 can be written as
28l + 2, 28l + 6, 28l + 10, 28l + 14, 28l + 18, 28l + 22, 28l + 26.

For a detailed discussion on how we get to this, look at this post.
Within these, the only common term is 28K + 10.
The numbers in this sequence are 10, 38, 66.....990.
We still need to figure out how many numbers are there in this sequence. We are going in steps of 28, so let us see if we can write these numbers in terms of 28p + r.

10 = 28 * 0 + 10
38 = 28 * 1 + 10
66 = 28 * 2 + 10
94 = 28 * 3 + 10
...........................
990 = 28 * 35 + 10

There are 36 numbers in this sequence.

The question is "How many positive integers are there from 0 to 1000 that leave a remainder of 3 on division by 7 and a remainder of 2 on division by 4?"

Choice B is the correct answer.

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