CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | CAT Algebra - Progressions questions

CAT Questions | Algebra | Progressions - Arithmetic Progressions

The question is about investments of a person which is in an AP. Another application based question from arithmetic progressions. With some simple but very powerful ideas, one can cut down on a lot of working when it comes to progressions. For example, anchoring a progression around its middle term can be very useful. CAT Exam tests the idea of progression often in the CAT Quantitative Aptitude section and this could also be tested in DI LR section of the CAT Exam as a part of a puzzle.

Question 17: Ram invest different amounts during the year on shares. S1, S2, S3……….Sm are different sums of ‘n’ amounts invested in ‘m’ years. If the amounts invested during the years are in A.P whose first terms are 1,2,3…..m and common difference are 1,3,5…..,(2m-1) respectively then find the total amount invested by Ram in ‘m’ years.

  1. n(m+1)
  2. m+1
  3. \\frac{mn}{2}\\)(mn+1)
  4. cannot be determined

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from CAT Algebra - Progressions: Do you know the formula of sum of N terms of an AP?

Clearly, \\frac{A}{Q}\\) we have
S1 = \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [2 * 1 + (n-1) * 1] [∵ a=1 d=1]
S2 =\\frac{n}{2}\\) * [2 * 2 + (n-1) * 3] [∵ a=2 d=3]
S3 = \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [2 * 3 + (n-1) * 5] [∵ a=3 d=5]
Sm = \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [2 * m + (n-1) * (2m-1)] [∵a=m d= (2m-1)]
∴ (S1 + S2 + S3……+ Sm) = \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [2*{1+2+3+4…+m} +(n-1)*{1+3+5….+(2m-1)}]
= \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [{2 * \\frac{m(m+1)}{2}\\)} + {(n-1) * \\frac{m}{2}\\)(1+ 2m-1)}] {∵?=\\frac{?}{2}\\)[(?+?)]}
= \\frac{n}{2}\\) * [m(m+1) + m2(n-1)] = \\frac{mn}{2}\\) [(m+1)+m(n-1)]
= \\frac{mn}{2}\\)(mn+1)

The question is "Find the total amount invested by Ram in ‘m’ years."

Hence the answer is "\\frac{mn}{2}\\)(mn+1)"

Choice C is the correct answer.

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