CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | CAT Algebra - Progressions questions

CAT Questions | Algebra | Progressions - Ratio of Amounts

The question is about Ratio of Amounts. An application based question from progressions. With some simple but very powerful ideas, one can cut down on a lot of working when it comes to progressions. For example, anchoring a progression around its middle term can be very useful. CAT Exam tests the idea of progression often in the CAT Quantitative Aptitude section and this could also be tested in DI LR section of the CAT Exam as a part of a puzzle.

Question 15: The salaries earned by two friends Anil and Jeetu in different years are in A.P. If the ratio of the amount earned by them in ‘p’ number of years are (4p+1) : (2p+17). Then find the ratio of amount earned by them in the 7th year.

  1. (2p+1) : (4p+6)
  2. 53 : 43
  3. 4 : 7
  4. 15p : 36p

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from CAT Algebra - Progressions: Combo of Ratios and Progressions

Let a1, a2 be the salaries of their first year and d1 and d2 be the difference between salaries of two consecutive years.
Now, the sum of p terms of their salaries are
Sp = \\frac{p}{2}\\) * [2a1 + (p-1)d1]
S'p = \\frac{p}{2}\\) * [2a2 + (p-1)d2]
\\frac{\frac{p}{2} * [2a_1 + (p-1)d_1]}{\frac{p}{2} * [2a_2 + (p-1)d_2]}\\) = \\frac{4p+1}{2p + 17}\\)
\\frac{[2a_1 + (p-1)d_1]}{[2a_2 + (p-1)d_2]}\\) = \\frac{4p+1}{2p + 17}\\) -------------------- (1)
Now,
Ratio of Salaries earned by them in the 7th year
= \\frac{a_1 + 6d_1}{a_2 + 6d_2}\\)
= \\frac{2a_1 + 12d_1}{2a_2 + 12d_2}\\) (Multiplying and Dividing by 2)
= \\frac{2a_1 + (13 - 1)d_1}{[2a_2 + (13 - 1)d_2}\\)
= \\frac{4 * 13 + 1}{2 * 13 + 17} \\)
= 53 : 43

The question is "find the ratio of amount earned by them in the 7th year."

Hence the answer is "53 : 43"

Choice B is the correct answer.


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