CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | Geometry Questions for CAT - Trigonometry

CAT Questions | CAT Trigonometry Questions | Trigonometric Identities

The question is from CAT Geometry - Trigonometry. This is about Trigonometric Identites. We need to find out the length from the given diagram. Trigonometry is an important topic for CAT Preparation for the CAT Exam. Trigonometric ideas can be completely opposite, as in, some questions test lot of common sense with direction, heights and distances, while others could test you on identities. CAT exam could test one on both these fronts. Make sure you master both in CAT - Trigonometry.

Question 6: In the below figure, the sheet of width W is folded along PQ such that R overlaps S Length of PQ can be written as :-
CAT : Geometry: trigonometry2

  1. \\frac{w}{sinα(1+cos2α)}\\)
  2. \\frac{w}{sin2αcosα}\\)
  3. \\frac{w}{cosα(1+sin2α)}\\)
  4. Any two of the above

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from CAT Geometry - Trigonometry : Can we try trial and error?

If you are quick at observing , this question can be solved just by looking at the options as ,

\\frac{w}{sinα(1+cos2α)}\\) = \\frac{w}{sinα(1+cos^2α - sin^2α)}\\)
= \\frac{w}{sinα 2cos^2α}\\) = \\frac{w}{sin2αcosα}\\) which is option (d)
∴ (d) Answer

Actually solving the question.
For R and S to overlap,
∆ PQR is congurent to ∆ PSQ
∴ Angle QPR = α ; Angle SQP = Angle PQR = 90 - α
=> Angle RQT = 2α = (180°-(180°-2α))
We can draw the figure as :-
CAT : Geometry: trigonometry3

∴In ∆ QRT
QT = QR cos2α
In ∆ PSQ,
SQ = PQ sinα = QR

∴ w = QT + SQ = PQ sinαcos2α + PQ sinα
= PQ sinα (1 + cos 2α)
\\frac{w}{sin (1+cos2α)}\\) = \\frac{w}{sin2αcosα}\\)(as shown earlier)

The question is "Length of PQ can be written as "

Hence, the answer is Any two of the above

Choice D is the correct answer.


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