The question is from CAT Critical Reasoning. Critical Reasoning for Verbal Ability for CAT. Critical Reasoning questions that appear in the verbal section of CAT test Reading Ability, Comprehension and Reasoning. Have a look at this question from Critical Reasoning. Solve CAT Questions from Critical Reasoning to get more practice and 2IIMs CAT questions bank provides you with CAT questions that can help you gear for CAT Exam .
Question 3: Data on planes returning from bombing missions was used to study of the vulnerability of airplanes to enemy fire. Analyzing the pattern and frequency of hits from enemy gunfire, it was seen that some parts of planes were hit disproportionately more often than other parts. How could these planes be optimally reinforced with armor plating? There were tradeoffs to consider. Every addition of plating added to the weight of the plane, decreasing its performance. Therefore, reinforcements needed to be added only to the most vulnerable areas of the planes.
Which of the following can be concluded from the above?
This is a real life example of critical reasoning used to solve a military problem during the World War II. A mathematician named Abraham Wald was given this challenging problem by military officials.
Option A seems to be the logical conclusion. Counter-intuitively, Wald recommended just the opposite, the reinforcement of those areas with the least frequency of bullet holes.
Wald’s profound insight was to focus on the unseen. Taking survivorship bias into account, he grasped that the returning aircraft were the survivors, receiving enemy fire in non-vulnerable areas.
The downed aircraft (which were not part of the data set) were the ones that had received the fatal hits, most likely to the remaining areas. It was those remaining areas (the ones free of bullet holes in the surviving planes) that needed the extra armor plating.
The question is "Which of the following can be concluded from the above?"
The option is C
Choice C is the correct answer.
Classroom Batches Starting Now! @Gopalapuram
Attend a Demo Class
CAT Questions | Ratios, Mixtures, Averages
CAT Questions | Time Speed and Distance, Races
CAT Questions | Logarithms & Exponents
CAT Questions | Pipes Cisterns, Work Time
CAT Questions | Coordinate-Geometry
CAT 2017 DILR Slot 2 | Pizzeria
CAT 2017 DILR Slot 2 | Electives
Verbal Ability for CAT | CAT Reading Comprehension
Verbal Ability for CAT| CAT Para Jumble
Verbal Ability for CAT | CAT Sentence Elimination
Verbal Ability for CAT | CAT Paragraph Completion
Copyrights © All Rights Reserved by 2IIM.com - A Fermat Education Initiative.
CAT® (Common Admission Test) is a registered trademark of the Indian Institutes of Management. This website is not endorsed or approved by IIMs.
2IIM Online CAT Coaching
A Fermat Education Initiative,
58/16, Indira Gandhi Street,
Kaveri Rangan Nagar, Saligramam, Chennai 600 093
Phone: (91) 44 4505 8484
Mobile: (91) 99626 48484
WhatsApp: WhatsApp Now
TANCET Coaching Centres in Chennai
TANCET Previous Year Question Papers
NCERT Solution for Class 10 Maths
CBSE Sample Papers for class 10