CAT Quantitative Aptitude Questions | CAT Number Systems - HCF and LCM questions

CAT Questions | Number Theory | Remainders and LCM

The question is about Remainders and LCM. We need to find out the smallest possible number which satisfies the given conditions. In CAT Exam, one can generally expect to get 1~2 questions from CAT Number Systems: HCF and LCM. In multiple places, extension of HCF and LCM concepts are tested by CAT Exam and one needs to understand HCF and LCM to be able to answer the same. CAT Number theory is an important topic with lots of weightage in the CAT Exam. Make use of 2IIMs Free CAT Questions, provided with detailed solutions and Video explanations to obtain a wonderful CAT score.

Question 2: Find the smallest number that leaves a remainder of 4 on division by 5, 5 on division by 6, 6 on division by 7, 7 on division by 8 and 8 on division by 9?

  1. 2519
  2. 5039
  3. 1079
  4. 979

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from Number Theory - HCF and LCM: When a number is divided by 8, a remainder of 7 can be thought of as a remainder of -1. This idea is very useful in a bunch of questions.

Note: When a number is divided by 8, a remainder of 7 can be thought of as a remainder of -1. This idea is very useful in a bunch of questions. So, N = 5a - 1 or N + 1 = 5a
N = 6b - 1 or N + 1 = 6b
N = 7c - 1 or N + 1 = 7c
N = 8d - 1 or N + 1 = 8d
N = 9e - 1 or N + 1 = 9e
N + 1 can be expressed as a multiple of (5, 6, 7, 8, 9)

N + 1 = 5a*6b*7c*8d*9e
Or N = (5a*6b*7c*8d*9e) - 1
Smallest value of N will be when we find the smallest common multiple of (5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
or LCM of (5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
N = LCM (5, 6, 7, 8, 9) - 1 = 2520 - 1 = 2519.

The question is "Find the smallest number that leaves a remainder of 4 on division by 5, 5 on division by 6, 6 on division by 7, 7 on division by 8 and 8 on division by 9?"

Hence the answer is "2519"

Choice A is the correct answer.

 

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