This is a tricky question. Sentence 1- The loss of the presidency in 2008 thrust the Republican party into a period of intense ideological turmoil, which strengthened (A)/ upended (B) the moral consensus. The reference to “intense turmoil” indicates upend is the right choice of word for this sentence. Note that sentences 2 and 3 start off with “on some issues” and “but on other issues” respectively, indicating some changes in opinion. This suggests that the “moral consensus” referred to in sentence 1 is likely to have been upended (affected or upset radically) rather than strengthened. Sentence 2- On some issues, including health care and climate change, the tea-party revolution drove Republicans further to the right, creating the new orthodoxy (A)/schism (B). The choice here is between orthodoxy (doctrine) and schism (divide/disunion). The correct choice is orthodoxy. We are told the tea-party revolution drove Republicans further the right. The word “Republicans” is not qualified in any way with words like “some”, or “a few”, implying Republicans as a whole group where driven to the right on these two issues (healthcare and climate change). So schism does not fit in. The correct word choice here is orthodoxy. Sentence 3- But on other issues, such as foreign policy and gay marriage, differences that had been papered (A)/debated (B) over suddenly broke free. The correct choice here is papered over. “Paper over” means to patch up or attempt to conceal a difference, disagreement, etc. so as to present a unified opinion. It makes a better choice than “debated over”, as we are told differences “suddenly broke free”. Sentence 4- The big loss in 2008 allowed a cabal (A)/faction (B) of the Republican elite to switch sides. Cabal refers to a small group of secret plotters. It suggests intrigue and conspiracy and does not fit in here. Faction, as in a clique within a party, is the right word choice for sentence 4. So the correct answer is d)BAAB Correct Answer: BAAB
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