CAT Practice : Coordinate Geometry

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Figure out the diagram and then the question becomes very easy!!

Radius of Circle

    Q.19: Two mutually perpendicular chords AB and CD intersect at P. AP = 4, PB = 6, CP = 3. Find radius of the circle.




 

  • Correct Answer
    Choice (A).

Detailed Solution



When 2 chords AB and CD intersect at P then AP * PB = CP * PD
Hence 4 * 6 = 3 * PD
Thus, PD = 8
Now AB = AP + PB = 10
And CD = CP + PD
Thus, CD = 11

Consider the circle with center O.
Drop a perpendicular from O to chord AB and CD. This will bisect the chords at X and Y i.e AX=XB and CY = YD.
Here AX = AP + PX i.e 5 = 4 + PX
PX = 1
Similarly, since CD = 11, PY+CP+YD = 11,
=> PY = 11-3-5.5 = 2.5.
PY = OX and PX = OY.
So, PXOY will from a rectangle as seen in the figure.
Now consider the triangle BOX, it is a right triangle where OB is the radius.
XB = 5, OX = 2.5
Then OB = ( OX2 + XB2 )1/2
OB = 31.25
Thus radius =
The radius can also be found out using the triangle YOD.

Correct Answer:



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Geometry is probably the most vital topic as far as CAT preparation is concerned. Geometry sets the stage for Trigonometry, Cogeo and Mensuration as well.