CAT Practice : Averages, Ratios, Mixtures

When we mix two mixtures in a particular ratio, we get a third mixture. Given the third mixture how does one find the ratio in which they were mixed.

Alligation

    Q.30: A milkman purchases milk at Rs 20/litre and mixes 4 litres of water in it. By selling the resultant mixture at the rate of Rs 20/litre, he earns a profit of 40%. The amount of mixture he had with him to sell was:
    1. 10 l
    2. 12 l
    3. 14 l
    4. 4 l

 

  • Correct Answer
    Choice C. 14 l

Detailed Solution

To earn a profit of 40% at Rs 20/litre,
Cost price =

Therefore,
Milk: Water = = 5:2
So, in 4 litres of water, 10 litres of milk would be required. Resultant mixture = 14 litres

Correct Answer: 14 l



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